Indira Sheikh Agreement

The conclusions adopted have been reviewed and I am in a position to inform you that appropriate executive measures are being taken to implement them. I am in close contact with the Minister of State, who agrees with the approach of political cooperation with you and with the agreement reached on relations between the State and the Union. On certain subjects in the competition list (welfare measures, human rights, etc.) the state could review the central laws after 1953, but again subject to the approval of the centres. In the future, the same rule would apply. Clearly, the central powers that have been expanded since 1953 would not be weakened. In addition, the approval of presidents would be required for all state laws relating to the governor or election-related matters. On the question of the nomenclature of the governor and the chief minister, no agreement was possible, so the matter is referred to the contractors. There is a long history behind the Agreement between Indira and Sheikh, but in a brief description, this agreement allowed Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah to return to power 22 years after his impeachment and arrest in Jammu and Kashmir. Here is the full text of the agreement: you wrote in your letter that the things on which our two representatives do not agree are fundamental issues and that nothing will be won if we discuss these issues again among ourselves, because they have already been the subject of in-depth debate. If there is no agreement on these fundamental issues, what is the point of discussing issues that are not fundamental? We consider the issues that have not been agreed upon, just as important and fundamental to us, and unless there is agreement on that. I do not think that a reasonable objective can be achieved by prolonging our discussions. The aforementioned agreement was considered a total liquidation and confirmation of accession to India. Those who were dissatisfied with the agreement protested, but Sheikh Abdullah was appointed Minister of State.

The alternative voice grew and tried to represent the Kashmir case. Pakistan also extended aid to those who questioned control of the Indian state. Mirza Mohammad Afzal Beg wrote to me that he and Shri G Parthasarthi obtained the conclusions concerning constitutional issues concerning the relations between the Jammu State and Kashmir and the Union of India. In our case, they had in-depth discussions on these issues and I received copies of Mr Beg`s documents containing points on which agreement was reached between them and those on which no agreement could be reached. He was so stunned by the tragic news that he could barely utter a short sentence. He said that if he had known that Panditji`s death was so close, he should not have gone to Pakistan. There was a total agreement on all points. Meanwhile, in July 1952, Nehru and Abdullah spoke to the Delhi agreement to expand some central institutions to Kashmir. The agreement took effect by decision of the President, pursuant to Article 370, on 14 May 1954.

Meanwhile, Ms. Indira visited Gandhi Jammu after the successful revolt in Bangladesh. To celebrate the victory, she spoke of a series of public meetings. She was celebrated as a Durga goddess. At a public meeting in Jammu, I asked her secretary to meet her. He said: “Absolutely no appointments at Jammu`s.

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