The German deal project and publisher John Wiley and Sons have concluded a revolutionary transformation agreement in line with the objectives of open access 2020. As part of the new agreement, all authors linked to 700 academic institutions in Germany retain copyright and their accepted articles are published in Wiley journals. […] I am concerned about that from a justice point of view. An author of a participating institution did so. For the most part, they will not have APCs and will be able to publish openly in the publisher`s journals; they may also feel good that their work is made available free of charge to readers. This works for large institutions and publishing houses, where a considerable number of academics will find a prestigious home for their work with the publishing house concerned. But what do the authors of institutions that are unable to participate in a transformation agreement do? Should they only hope that their costs will be covered by waiver declarations or will they be limited to publication in places they can afford? Is it possible that, in the long run, successful institutions will support those who are not so prosperous or of considerable size so that less prosperous institutions can benefit from access to other smaller institutions? We need to understand that funders have a responsibility to fund research and that open publishing is only part of that mandate and perhaps not the main part. If institutions and corporations receive direct funding, could they transform their publishing programs into an open environment? In return, institutions and societies can continue to play their part in encouraging the research community – in our case, mathematics – with programs, awards, scholarships, travel grants, scholarships, etc. In addition, societies and institutions can develop support for communities across a wide range of disciplines and university levels, from the Bachelor to the Head of Department.
Is it possible for donors to focus their efforts in different ways? I am not advocating a “uniform approach” and there is clearly room for a transformative approach to agreements, but there is room for a number of models that can fully serve our academic communities. Direct financing of corporations and institutions may well be a means of preserving both the integrity of the ecosystem of society and the ability of institutions to deeply interfere in their communities and to curb the inexorable pressures of societies that need business partnerships to survive and continue to serve their communities.