Ujczo expects the agreement to be formally ratified between mid-March and early April, given the Senate approval process and the March recess and public holidays. “The USMCA will be fully in effect between July 4 and Labor Day,” Ujczo said. “Overall, we believe this agreement will strengthen our most important and strategic business relationships with our closest neighbours and top customers, and allow our industry to continue to grow with our friends and partners in Mexico and Canada.” The negotiations focused “primarily on car exports, tariffs on steel and aluminum, as well as the milk, egg and poultry markets.” A provision “prevents any party from enacting laws that restrict the cross-border flow of data.”  Compared to NAFTA, the USMCA increases environmental and labour standards and encourages domestic production of cars and trucks.  The agreement also provides up-to-date intellectual property protection, gives the U.S. more access to the Canadian milk market, imposes a quota for Canadian and Mexican auto production, and increases the customs limit for Canadians who purchase U.S. products online from $20 to $150.  The full list of differences between USMCA and ALEFTA is listed on the Website of the United States Trade Representative (USTR).  In order to facilitate the increase in cross-border trade, the United States has reached an agreement with Mexico and Canada to increase the value of de minimis delivery. For the first time in decades, Canada will increase its de minimis level from $20 ($15.38) to $40 ($30.77) for taxes. Canada will also offer duty-free shipments of up to 150 $US ($115.38). Mexico will continue to provide $50 de minimis exemptions and will also offer duty-free shipments of up to $117. Shipping rates to this level would be achieved with minimum formal entry procedures, which would allow more businesses, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises, to be part of cross-border trade. Canada will also allow the importer to pay taxes 90 days after the importer enters.
The agreement is designated differently by each signatory – in the United States, it is called the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA);   in Canada, it is officially known as the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) in English and the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (ACEUM) in French;  and in Mexico, tratado is called tratado between México, Estados Unidos y Canadé (T-MEC).   The agreement is sometimes referred to as “New NAFTA” with respect to the previous trilateral agreement for the successor, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). On Monday, a bipartisan group of U.S. senators warned against any action off Mexico before Mexico showed it was ready to abide by the more stringent labor rules of the agreement. The full text of the agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada is available here. “This is an important step in the implementation of this important trade agreement,” Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland said in a statement on Friday morning. “The Government of Canada will continue to work with the governments of the United States and Mexico to set an effective date that will benefit both parties.” “The USMCA is a great victory for American agriculture and I am pleased that the Canadian Parliament has approved the agreement today,” said U.S. Agriculture Minister Sonny Perdue. “The USMCA locks in and expands access to our northern and southern neighbours. I thank President Trump for negotiating this agreement and for always supporting American farmers and ranchers. We will continue to work with Canada and Mexico to implement this agreement.
Although the new agreement does not have a significant impact on the day-to-day operations of promotional enterprises, the uncertainty surrounding it in recent years has certainly had an impact.